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Monday, February 14, 2011

这个新年很娘惹

娘惹过年的照片一上FB,承蒙总编辑Voo Kc的亲自邀稿,在本报副刊写下这篇拙文共赏,同时也为娘惹的身份来个平反。
http://www.kwongwah.com.my/supplement/2011/02/14/5.html

Voo Kc: 好文章,大家共赏。在此邀稿,猛稿重赏。
Monday at 4:03pm





阿嬷去世7年了,这些年的农历新年,总觉得家里缺少了什么似的。
阿嬷是娘惹媳妇。少了阿嬷的娘惹装、娘惹菜,虽然娘惹卧房家私、娘惹餐具、娘惹饰物等等都人去物仍在,我们家的农历新年就像是失去了一股文化灵魂。

这一个福兔年,二姐心血来潮,把阿嬷遗留下来的多套娘惹装搬出来,让我们各自穿上,老中少三代一齐以娘惹装过年,果然摇曳生姿,仿佛阿嬷精神再现!往昔阿嬷尚健在时的生活点滴涌上心头,缅怀不已。
















小娘惹向长辈敬茶

这几天的饭桌上先后出现了多道娘惹招牌菜如:芒光炒鱿鱼丝、猪肚汤、鱼鳔汤、参巴臭豆鱿鱼、豉油鸡、亚参鱼、可拉布 (Kerabu) 、三拜拉煎、窝打(otak-otak)、摩摩喳喳和七彩的娘惹糕,  
噢!记忆中那娘惹式的新年味道又回来了!

齐全的华丽餐具,是每个娘惹家庭的必备,在各式聚餐宴客时派上用场。



娘惹文化魅力

旧时代的娘惹,都是名門望族之女,属于家里的大家闺秀。(back row) my mom, my aunt together with (front row) the late AHMA阿嬤, CHOR CHOR曾祖母 and KO PO 姑婆
~~photo taken on 12 Apr 1957, @ Bulliant Studio


平日足不出户的她们,无所事事,家里的厨房成了消磨时间的好地方,她们不但研究做菜功夫,也通过家中的本地家佣的惯用马来香料,钻研出一套融合家乡传统中国菜烹饪法与本地马来香料的完美结合,并且代代相传,成了现今独特的 “娘惹菜”。
“老娘惹” 的其中必精糕点———面粉龟及红龟,代代相传。即使不懂得亲手制作,现今的大小“娘惹”们也都超爱吃红龟!


娘惹服装风情

除了著名的娘惹菜及各种娘惹糕,娘惹的园艺、花艺及手艺也是一流的。
看,我们身上穿着的娘惹装,都是阿嬷於六十多年前,选用最上等的布匹及彩线,一针一线慢慢缝制出各款花草及绣边。
事隔半个世纪,承传到了第三及第四代,这些娘惹装依然没有变样、退色或脱线,可见其真材实料及手艺的细腻。

娘惹装的半透明上衣,都是没有钮扣的,两边是以镶钻石的别针(娘惹们称为“哥隆桑”即马来话kerongsang)饰物来扣合,搭配也同样是经过考究手工缝制的纯白内垫衣。
如何穿沙龙,也是娘惹们必学的一门学问。
沙龙有“头”和“卡基”(kaki) 之分,如果上下不分,穿错可让人笑脱大牙。

选好沙龙的图案对摺妥当服贴之后,腰部还要配上一条真金或真银的金属腰链,在现代人的眼里,简直就是“腰缠万贯”的富贵感觉。

或许生活悠闲,娘惹们十分重视整洁,尤其是外在美观,注重端重高雅。
除了灌输我很多人生道理及高尚修养情操,阿嬷生前的教养影响我很深。她说:即使现代年轻女性不注重打粉化妆,仪容还是要干净清洁的,尤其是每天日出前一定要冲凉打理干净,毛巾也必须每天都洗得香喷喷。这种生活习惯至今我都没有忘记。
据说我的曾祖母每早一起身,必定坐在梳妆台前精心打扮一番,梳了髻之后的头发不容有一条滑掉下来,脸容上的粉扑维持着全天候的。还有,她的娘惹装一天换一套,烫得平滑发亮,绝不容有一条皱纹的出现。
娘惹们都梳上高高的发髻,头上插有金钻头钗,再加上浓妆打扮,以及颈项双手的穿金戴银,全身上下珠光宝气,站坐的姿态都无限优雅,显示娘惹的高贵气派。

说来极为惭愧,我们这群半纯不正的娘惹后裔,虽然过去时有见过听过阿嬷在穿娘惹装时的指导,可惜当年都当耳边风,没有完全掌握,现在所穿的沙龙,都还是不及格的,更不用说亲手煮什么娘惹菜肴或娘惹糕点了。##


Feedback From Facebook Photo Album “Nyonya Memories 娘惹的文忆”:

Wang Chun Pin: Wow, didn't know you are Nyonya. Gong Xi Fa Cai.
February 6 at 12:15pm

Lee Wai Wan: Wow, that is real cool, very lovely.
February 6 at 12:42pm

EweChin Eugenice Wong:
CP: wah, u so fast, i m still uploading. I am not a genuine Nyonya la, just that my AHMA & the past generations all practiced the nyonya life style with typical Nyonya food, costume, furniture etc etc.
WW: tq. more photos to come, he he...ee

Sabrina Woong CW: 美美咯。
February 6 at 12:51pm

Bee Lim: Gong Xi Fa Cai!!
February 6 at 1:15pm

Kenny Lee: u r Nyonya ?!
February 6 at 2:32pm

Hooi Theng Loo: Just showed my mother the photos. She could at least recognize everyone there.
February 6 at 3:27pm

Tan Siek Yin: 我喜欢那种感觉,尤其是你这可爱的娘惹
February 6 at 8:16pm

Curtis Ng: wow..really take my breath away, you look gorgeous. Happy New Year, wish you all the best in the year ahead.
February 6 at 9:03pm

Vie Kiku: dear Eugenice, you look great!
Gong Xi Fai Chai! Wishing you and your family bless with Health, Wealth and Prosperity in the Year of the Rabbit!
February 6 at 11:27pm

Desmond Teh: 喲!小娘惹!
February 7 at 12:07am

Saw Hooi Cheng: 娘惹文化永远。
February 7 at 2:33pm

EweChin Eugenice Won:g TQ TQ.
Curtis & Vie: ever heard of Nyonya in HK?
February 7 at 3:08pm

Curtis Ng: um. ..the first thing that comes to mind is some malaysian maids wear Nyonya clothes in weekend....I guess HK people not very familiar with Nyonya culture.
February 7 at 9:19pm

EweChin Eugenice Wong: oh no, Curtis, the Malaysian maids in HK you see are not wearing Nyonya clothes, that should be traditional Malay clothes and they are not Nyonya too .
February 7 at 9:38pm

Vie Kiku: what comes to my mind of 'Nyonya' is all related to - EAT EAT & EAT =p
February 7 at 9:39pm

EweChin Eugenice Wong Nyonya 娘惹 is a special ethnic whereby 英殖民時代由中國南來大馬北部定居的華裔, 大部分都是大商賈或名門之後.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peranakan
February 7 at 9:48pm

EweChin Eugenice Wong: Yeah Vie, Nyonya is famous for food, kuih, costumes & jewelries.
February 7 at 9:48pm

Curtis Ng: haha...I got it now, thanks for your comprehensive explanation ^_^
February 7 at 10:38pm

waiwan: really love all your nyonya photos, beautiful

Wong Ewe Leng: 三姐妹和妈咪穿上外婆留下的娘惹装,只是不惯露出额头的我看了挺怪的,大概都认不出我了吧!
February 9 at 11:06pm

Hooi Theng Loo: You look mature. But all of you look very good. The photo of my mother in that outfit posted by ewechin was priceless. My son said it was me. Really, looks just like me or Kee in sarung. Guess we now know where we get the look from.

Saw Hooi Cheng: sweet & nice nyonyas wear. Where to buy,expensive or not ? EweLeng is very much alike yr mother among 3 sis.
February 6 at 4:39pm

EweChin Eugenice Wong: Those are not purchased. They were all 一針一線縫制 handmade by my dearest AHMA >50 years ago with good quality and long lasting material.
February 6 at 11:13pm

Ou Wen Choo 文珠: know you so long didn't even realise you're a Nyonya. It's a unique heritage, preserve it well.
February 7 at 11:52am

Kutsi Clarence Yang: what's the occasion? Chinese New Year?

LH Cheah: Beautiful lady!
February 7 at 8:17am

KChoo Lim: little nyonya...
February 8 at 1:35am

Choon Bee Zahn: Is that you? Beautiful!
February 8 at 8:42am

Jessie Tan Lee Sim u have nyonya blood????
February 11 at 10:50pm


[12:26] Chinseng Yeoh: very interesting and informative article
[12:27] Chinseng Yeoh: Now you very rich lah
[12:27] Chinseng Yeoh: got diamond kerongsang
[12:27] Chinseng Yeoh: got coloured bowl sets
[12:27] eugenice: no, my grandpa did not take over the business, he went back to China & study, became a scholar
[12:28] Chinseng Yeoh: each bowl worth RM100 or more
[12:31] Chinseng Yeoh: if no cracks / chips and good paintings, worth even more
[12:32] Chinseng Yeoh: usually they are presented in international auctions
[12:33] Chinseng Yeoh: If you have them, keep away safely. They are no longer produced in jingdeZhen. Considered extinct items
[12:34] Chinseng Yeoh: As more people break their plates and bowls, yours will become more rare and thus the price will rise
[12:58] Chinseng Yeoh: I like your article and photos but unable to post comments. (error ID)
[13:11] Chinseng Yeoh: Your pink bowls worth about RM150 per piece. If they are in a set, it is even more valuable
[13:12] Chinseng Yeoh: The blue ones are nice but not so expensive, maybe rm90-120
[13:14] Chinseng Yeoh: but the family values that come along with them - 无价之宝



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