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Monday, June 29, 2009

及早诊救中风

有個朋友,在一次烤肉聚會當中絆倒了,摔了一跤,
A friend once fell down suddenly in a BBQ party.

旁邊的朋友建議找醫護人員,
People around suggested her go to the hospital,

但她很確定自己沒事,只是穿了新鞋被磚塊絆了一下罷了。
But she reassured that nothing's wrong with herself, except having fallen down due stepping on a piece of brick in a pair of new shoes.

她還有點危危顫顫站立不穩的時候,
While she was still shivering, not standing firm,

朋友們幫她清洗乾淨,又為她盛了一盤食物,
Friends helped her clean up her body, and got a plate of food for her,

她就跟著大家一起享受接下來的時光了。
So afterwards, she happily enjoyed the rest of time with the company.

她的先生後來打電話通知大家,
Later on, her husband called to tell these friends,

她被送到醫院,傍晚六點,就過世了,
She has been sent to the hospital at last, and she passed away at! 6PM only,

原因是她在烤肉聚餐的時候中風。
Which cause was a stroke to her during the BBQ party.

如果他們懂得辨識中風的癥兆,
If they know how to identify the symptoms of a stroke,

她現在也許還跟我們在一起。
She might still be staying with us ......

有些人不會死,
Some people do not die,

但結局處於無助無望的景況中。
However the result is in even helpless and disparate condition..

只需要花一分鐘的時間讀完這篇文章,
It only takes one minute to read this article.

腦神經外科醫師說,
A neurosurgeon says :

如果他能在三小時之內接觸到中風患者,
If he can reach a patient in 3 hours after a stroke attack,

他就可以將中風的後果完全扭轉過來。
He can alter the stroke consequences completely.

訣竅就是辨識診斷出中風的問題,
The trick is how to diagnose a stroke,

並讓病患在三小時之內接受醫療,
And let the patient have treatment within 3 hours after a stroke.

而這是很難的。
But this is very difficult.

辨識中風
To diagnose a stroke

感謝上帝讓我們記住 STR 三步驟,
Thank god for allowing us to remember 3 simple steps : STR

請閱讀並學習 !
Please read and learn !

有時候中風的癥兆很難辨認,
Sometimes it's not easy to identify a stroke,

不幸的是,缺乏警覺就會帶來災難。
Yet unfortunately, it will bring disaster without proper alert.

身邊的人辨認不出中風的徵兆,
If people around a stroke patient are not able to tell a stroke,

中風患者就會嚴重腦傷。
The stroke patient will suffer from serious brain injury.

醫生說,旁人只要問三個簡單的問題,
A doctor says, if surrounding people can just ask 3 simple questions,

就可以辨識中風:
It is possible to diagnose a stroke.

S : (smile) 要求患者笑一下
Ask the patient to smile
T : (talk) 要求患者說一句簡單的句子 (要有條理,有連貫性),例如:今天天氣晴朗。
Request the patient say a simple sentence (must be reasonable and consecutive),e.g. The weather is sunny today.
R : (raise) 要求 患者舉起雙手
Ask the patient to raise both hands at the same time

注意 Note:
另外一項中風癥兆是: 要求患者伸出舌頭 ,如果舌頭「彎曲」或偏向一邊,那也是中風的徵兆
One more diagnose method of stroke is : Tell the patient to extrude his tongue. If the tongue is bending or leaning towards one side, that is also a symptom of stroke.

上面四個動作,患者如果有任何一個動作做不來,就要立刻打 999 !!!並! 且把症狀描述給接線者聽。
Above are 4 steps. In case a patient can't do either one of suchgestures, you should dial 999 !!!

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